Sedikit tentang Consciousness Quotient (CQ)

Pada akhirnya aku memutuskan untuk melakukan penelitian pada bidang pendidikan. Variabel tergantung yang akan aku gunakan adalah kinerja akademik (academic performance). Ketika aku mencari referensi jurnal penelitian terkait kinerja akademik, ada satu variabel bebas yang menarik perhatianku, yaitu Consciousness Quotient (CQ). Sepengetahuanku, CQ merupakan variabel baru yang berusaha mengilmiahkan penelitian tentang kesadaran manusia. Aku menggunakan istilah “mengilmiahkan” karena menurut penuturan Brazdau (2008), selama ini penelitian tentang kesadaran selalu menjadi perdebatan karena subjektivitas yang ada, dengan kata lain, belum ditemukan hasil penelitian yang disetujui oleh peneliti lain sebagai valid dan reliabel. Oleh karenanya, sejak 2005 hingga sekarang, Brazdau melakukan beragam penelitian yang berusaha meng-kuantifikasikan (mengilmiahkan) konsep dan psikometri tentang kesadaran manusia sehingga diperoleh hasil yang valid dan reliabel.

Berikut tulisan Brazdau yang berusaha menjelaskan tentang Consciosness Quotient.

The Consciousness Quotient: introducing the consciousness experience as a research variable in psychological assessment

by Ovidiu Brazdau
February 17, 2013

The scientific evaluation of consciousness has been a topic debated over the last century by different scientific communities in different academic fields: psychology and cognitive science, philosophy, neuroscience, psychiatry, and lately, by quantum physics. As consciousness is a subjective experience, the first person approach seems to provide valuable information, but unfortunately the first person methods offer no scientific results, from the point of view of psychological assessment, unless statistical analyses are provided.

The research problems come from the methodological inability to isolate consciousness as an individual phenomenon. Consciousness seems to be different from all other scientific concepts, and it has been extraordinarily difficult to treat it as a variable. In psychology, measuring the consciousness experience with assessment instruments and statistical methods has been a rare topic of research, maybe because psychologists find it difficult to create a method that would reach a satisfactory level of significance of the results.

Since 2005 I been developing the Consciousness Quotient Theory and the CQ Inventory (CQ-i ©), as a part of my PhD thesis. This process took me eight years, while trying to ascertain a way to identify and scientifically measure the so-called “aware/conscious behaviors”. CQ-i was developed through 14 studies on a population of 6,800 individuals. The CQ-i beta version was first released in 2008, and presented the following year at the Toward a Science of Consciousness conference. The adjusting process ended in January 2013 and the resulting CQ-i 2013 is now available to researchers worldwide. The exploration process will last until 2014. Meanwhile, the scientific community is invited to contribute to this science endeavor by using CQ-i on various populations, and discussing ways to improve it on the online forum at the CQ Institute website.

I  have defined the Consciousness Quotient as the level of consciousness (or the level of being conscious) that is experienced in the morning, one hour after waking up and after having a refreshing sleep, without being exposed to any significant stimulus (coffee, TV, radio, music, talking, psychological stress).

In other words, the consciousness quotient is the general level of being conscious/aware throughout a day, in regular life conditions. Of course, this level of being conscious can change, and we have some good available models that explain this (for example, Charles Tart’s model is for me a very valid one, for example)

The Consciousness Quotient Inventory is composed of six dimensions, which comprise the Consciousness Quotient: physical, emotional, cognitive, spiritual, social-relational and self-consciousness. These six dimensions are the main six factors of the Consciousness Quotient Inventory. CQ-i explores these dimensions, using behavioral-based questions scored with a Likert scale with six degrees.

The six dimensions (scales) of the Consciousness Quotient Inventory are described below:

1. Physical Consciousness: refers to the ability of being conscious of the body and of the physical elements of the environment
2. Emotional Consciousness: describes the ability of being conscious of your own emotions and feelings, and generally, to be conscious of any emotional feeling
3. Cognitive (Mental) Consciousness: refers to the ability of being conscious of your own ideas, of the mental stream generally.
4. Spiritual Consciousness: refers to the ability of being conscious about yourself as a part of the universe, and describes the ability of being conscious about the multiple connections with the surrounding life.
5. Social-Relational Consciousness: refers to the ability of being conscious about human relationships and the connections with the people you interact with.
6. Self-Consciousness: Consciousness of Self or Self-Awareness refers to the ability of being conscious about your own person, your own self; this factor describes the ability of the reflexivity of the human being, of being able to look upon itself in an objective way.

Sumber: http://www.consciousness-quotient.com/what-is-cq/

Karena ketertarikanku dalam bidang psikologi transpersonal, yang salah satunya juga membahas tentang kesadaran manusia, beberapa waktu lalu aku mengirimkan permintaan agar diperbolehkan menggunakan psikometri dari CQ (CQ-i v.2013), semoga disetujui oleh Brazdau sebagai penemu konsep dan psikometri tersebut. Jika tidak, mau tidak mau aku harus membuat alat ukur sendiri dengan mengacu kepada enam dimensi yang sudah dibuat oleh Brazdau (dimensi fisik, emosi, mental/kognitif, spiritual, relasi sosial, dan diri–self). Karena–menurutku, tidak ada penelitian yang berusaha menggali tentang CQ di Indonesia sehingga aku sangat berharap penelitianku bisa menjadi penelitian pioner. Jika ada pembaca yang juga tertarik membuat penelitian dengan menggunakan variabel CQ, aku sangat mengharapkan kerjasamanya dalam membuat sebuah penelitian payung.

Berkaitan dengan kuisioner yang mengukur CQ, ada beberapa situs online yang menyediakan hal tersebut, namun aku menilai bahwa kuisioner tersebut tidak cukup mewakili 6 dimensi yang dirangkum oleh Brazdau (belum lagi, masih ada 9 aspek lain yang juga diukur dalam psikometri yang dibuat Brazdau). Meskipun demikian, kuisioner tersebut bisa dijadikan perbandingan dalam membuat alat ukur sendiri. Paling tidak, kuisioner tersebut bisa memberikan gambaran mengenai aitem-aitem yang mungkin dimunculkan dalam alat ukur yang akan kubuat. Demikian, sedikit informasi tentang CQ, semoga ada pihak yang tertarik dan terinspirasi. Berkah Dalem :)

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